Important Info on Chlamydia
There are two common methods of diagnosing chlamydia:
- Testing fluid from the vagina or penis
- Urine testing.
Diagnosing the disease as early as possible can be extremely beneficial, as treatment can begin that much sooner and complications possibly avoided.
How Is the Disease Treated?
Chlamydia treatment usually consists of antibiotics, which can cure the infection. All sex partners should be evaluated, tested, and get treatment for the disease as well. People should also abstain from sexual intercourse until they and their sex partners have completed treatment. Doctors, local health departments, and STD and family-planning clinics can offer more information about treating chlamydia.
If left untreated, chlamydia can progress to serious reproductive and other health problems, with both short-term and long-term consequences. It can cause serious problems in men and women (such as penile discharge and infertility, respectively), as well as in newborn babies of infected mothers.
Like the disease itself, the damage that chlamydia causes is often "silent."
(Click Chlamydia Complications for more information.)
Chlamydia in Pregnancy
Chlamydia in pregnancy can potentially harm the child. Because a baby can be exposed to the bacteria in the birth canal during delivery, he or she may develop eye infections (conjunctivitis) or pneumonia. Many women with the disease may also develop PID (pelvic inflammatory disease), a serious infection of the reproductive organs, which can cause scarring of the fallopian tubes and prevent egg fertilization from taking place.